It is almost surprising that the Samoyed as a really beautiful dog with a wonderful character does not have a much larger fan base. Among the recognized sled dog breeds, however, the husky has now outstripped him by far.
Maybe the Samoyed resembles too much to the boring Giant German Spitz, and is this too old-fashioned for the spirit of the age?
Anyway, this does not harm the Samoyed in any case, because the purchase of a Nordic dog breed must be well considered.
The Samoyed is characterized by a great friendliness towards humans and fellow dogs. However, his strong urge to hunt and move should not be underestimated. Also, fur care can be quite complex in the fur change season. In addition, these dogs can suffer quite strongly from the heat in summer.
Now, read about these 15 interesting facts about Samoyeds you may not have known before:
1Samoyeds Come From Siberia
As the name suggests, these dogs served as companions for the Samoyeds who lived in Siberia. The hard-working dogs pulled sleds, herd the reindeer back to their owners, hunted deer and were particularly tireless sheepherders in the Siberian veld.
But they were just as useful in the house: the friendly dogs played with the children and kept their owners warm with coats made of their fluffy fur.
2The Name of the Samoyed is Often Mispronounced
Most people assume that the name of this handsome dog is pronounced Sa-MOY-ed, but the correct pronunciation is actually SAMmyed. The Samoyed also has a few other names, including some real tongue twisters: Bjelkier, Samoiedskaya Sobaka, and Nemetskaya Laika.
To the nicknames of the breed belong “Sammy”, “Sam” and “Smiley”.
3The Samoyed is One of the Oldest Dog Breeds in the World
The Samoyed dog breed is one of 14 old dog breeds with genetic traces that are closest to the wolves. You can always detect the wolve ancestors by their fox-like faces and curly tails (other examples are Shiba Inus, American Akitas and Chow Chows).
The Samoyeds first appeared in England in the late 19th century and in the USA in 1906. The breed was recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) in the same year.
4Samoyeds are Amazing Dogs
The most remarkable feature of the Samoyed is their beautiful, thick white coat. Their eyes are almond-shaped and mostly black or brown. Their ears are as furry as the rest of the dog and stand upright.
Another amazing feature of the Samoyeds is their tail, which curls over the back. When the Samoyed is relaxed and feels comfortable, the tail usually falls down.
Male Samoyeds are from 21 to 24 inches, women from 19 to 21 inches. The average weight for a Samoyed is 50 to 60 pounds.
5The Samoyed is Famous for his Smile
The reason why one of the nicknames of the Samoyed is “Smiley” is that these dogs have a distinctive grin. The corners of their mouths turn upwards and give them a happy expression called “Sammy smile”.
6Samoyed are Singing
Possibly due to the Samoyed’s genetic proximity to wolves, the howling of this breed is remarkable. Their melodic yodels, sound very vocal.
You can make most Sammy’s sing by simply playing them some music or starting to howl yourself – the dogs love to be in tune with you.
7Samoyeds Have no Odor
In contrast to other dog breeds, the Samoyed is an odorless dog. These dogs don’t have to bathe as often as other dogs, but frequent brushing is a must to protect their fur from matting.
8The Samoyeds Coat is a Challenge for Every Owner
The fur of the Samoyed is gorgeous but needs a lot of care. Owners of these dogs have to be very disciplined when brushing to avoid felting and matting. No wonder that the Samoyeds spread a lot of hair everywhere during the change of coat.
The Samoyed has a double-layered coat. The undercoat is soft, short and thick, with longer hairs growing to the outer coat. The outer layer is rough and straight. There is a ruff around the neck and shoulders. The coat colors include pure white, biscuit, yellow, cream and white with silver tips.
Male Sammies tend to have thicker, denser coats than female Sammies.
9Samoyeds Want to be Full Members of their Families
Samoyeds are known as loving family dogs, although they are often closest to one person in the household. These dogs must be with their humans, and if they are left alone too often or too long, they may be destructive and depressive when left alone.
The Samoyed is very friendly and smart but can be a challenge for beginners. He is a rather noisy dog, and he must be kept busy and active to prevent unwanted behavior. He also has a strong hunting instinct and will chase small animals, including cats.
Agility and tracking are excellent activities to stimulate your Samoyeds physically and mentally.
10Samoyeds are Good with Children and Other Dogs
A well socialized Sammy loves children, but it is important that the encounter with small children is monitored.
Samoyeds typically have a quiet temperament, so they can perform well around other dogs – especially when raised together from a young age.
11A Bored, Under-Stimulated Samoyed can be Destructive
Samoyeds are known to be chewers and quite destructive when not sufficiently trained and/or left alone for long periods of time.
12Samoyeds are Generally a Healthy Dog Breed
Like all purebred dogs, Samoyeds are susceptible to certain diseases including glaucoma, hip dysplasia, hypothyroidism, diabetes, progressive retinal atrophy, subvalvular aortic stenosis, and cancer.
The breed is also predisposed to a disease called Samoyed Hereditary Glomerulopathy, a genetic kidney disease.
The average lifespan of Samoyed is 12 to 15 years.
13The Samoyed is Sensitive to Heat
The Samoyed prefers cooler temperatures, as can be seen from their dense, luxurious fur. Never leave your Sammy alone in the heat for too long. Plan training and play sessions for the cooler hours of the day and keep him in air-conditioned rooms on very warm days.
14Researchers Used Samoyeds for their Expeditions to the Poles
In the 19th century, the Samoyed was particularly successful. He was joining some expeditions to the North and South Pole.
The Norwegian explorer Fridtjof Nansen chose Sammies for his journey to the North Pole in 1893 because of their endurance and trainability. Although his journey was not successful (he did not have enough food with him!), the dogs proved to be excellent sleddogs.
The English explorer Robert Scott and the Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen also used the dogs on their expeditions to the South Pole. Scott had a team of 33 dogs; Amundsen had 52. Amundsen beat Scott with his team, led by a Samoyed named Etah.
15Queen Alexandra Was a Big Fan of Samoyeds
Alexandra of Denmark, who became Queen of the United Kingdom, received a Samoyed as a gift. After a short time, she became an enthusiastic Samoyed fan and breeder.
Alexandra worked to promote awareness of the Samoyed dog breed. This was how the dogs became known in the English-speaking area. Many of today’s Samoyeds in England and America have an origin that goes back to the dogs of Queen Alexandra.