All types of Husky breeds are dogs that are used to pull sleighs with leashes and harness.
Although basically, all medium sized dog breeds can take over this task, the sled dog breeds have been bred for thousands of years, especially for this purpose. However, there are some considerable differences between breeding lines of the same breed, which are performance-oriented on the one hand and bred according to breed standards for exhibitions on the other.
Four purebred types of husky breeds are officially recognized to this day:
1Types of Husky Breeds: Alaskan Malamute
Characteristics of the Alaskan Malamute
|Weight: 75 – 88 lbs|
|Fur: thick, rough, with dense oily undercoat|
|Colour: grey to black with different shades and white on the head, belly, and legs; only white is allowed as the standard color.|
|Common diseases: NONE|
|Life Expectancy: 10-12 years|
|FCI Group 5: Top and primitive type dogs|
Origin & History
In the northwestern part of the Arctic, the Alaskan Malamute was the only dog breed until the 19th century. It belongs to one of the oldest Arctic dog breeds, which has served the people of this region as sled and hunting dogs for more than 2000 years.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the Alaskan Malamutes were preferably used for sled dog races, whereby increasingly other races were crossed in and the Alaskan Malamutes almost got lost as an independent dog breed.
From 1926, the pure-breeding of the race was revived with some still unmixed examples. The name Malamute is derived from the Inuit tribe of the Malamute.
Keeping an Alaskan Malamute
The Alaskan Malamute needs a house with a garden and lots of free space to run nearby. It also needs a lot of space to run and is more recommended for experienced, assertive dog owners as it is often stubborn and intelligent.
The dogs are kept warm by the thick coat of hair, strong and muscular and incredibly enduring over long distances, they bring their sleddogs through any ice landscape, no matter how long.
How Much Exercise does an Alaskan Malamute Need?
Without physical exercise and lots of outdoor activities, an Alaskan Malamute would die. It has been bred for the work in cold climates and accordingly it does not equal a species-appropriate keeping if you let it lie around day in, day out in a narrow, warm and stuffy apartment.
Instead, you have to keep the sled dog busy and if you have to use a leash it is best to use a long-running leash. Even in rain, snow, and ice, there should be no excuse for the owner – and some Alaskan Malamute would not allow that.
What is the Temperament of an Alaskan Malamute
Because they are not only particularly enduring and physically fit – Alaska’s “State Dogs” are also very intelligent. Therefore, this breed should also be sufficiently mentally promoted and above all well managed. Because Alaskan Malamutes are generally regarded as calm and philanthropic, but at the same time they are very individual and like to challenge their owner by ignoring commands or simply walking where they want to go.
Owning an Alaskan Malamute
Because of these character traits, only experienced dog owners should have an Alaskan Malamute. In addition, one should be assertive and not let boredom arise with the four-legged friend. So there must be enough time spent. Time is needed for both: the dog training and the physical and mental fitness of the dog. But if you manage to train the Alaskan Malamute, if he is happy and if he takes his owners into his heart, then you have won a friend for life.
2Types of Husky Breeds: Greenland Dog
Characteristics of the Greenland Dog
|Country of Origin: Greenland|
|Height: 22´´- 26´´|
|Weight: 55 – 77 lbs|
|Life Expectancy: 11 – 13 years old|
|Color: all colors, single or multicolored|
|Common Diseases: Hip dysplasia, rotation of the stomach. The Greenland Dog is a very robust breed with little susceptibility to disease.|
|Use: Working dog, sled dog|
The Greenland dog is one of the most robust Nordic working breeds used as a sled dog. In his homeland, the tough, original dog is known for his impressive willingness to work, his great endurance and hardness as well as for his good sense of orientation. For transport purposes, he is still used today as a sled dog in the group. In the past, he was also used as a reliable helper in hunting seals, reindeers, and polar bears.
Outside Greenland, there are only a few representatives of this breed.
Characteristics & Temperament
The Greenland dog is an energetic, strong-willed and very courageous dog with a pronounced eagerness to work. He loves the life in the pack and absolutely needs a task corresponding to his predisposition. He is friendly and adaptable towards people, but he needs a clear leadership. His hunting instinct is relatively pronounced.
The ideal field of use for the Greenland dog is the work in front of the dog sled. At sporting events in this area, he can impressively prove his capabilities. If the Greenland Dog is used to full capacity, he behaves very pleasantly and adaptable in its leisure time.
As a pure family and companion dog as well as a guard dog he is not suitable.
Keeping a Greenland Dog
The attitude of sleddogs is extremely fastidious. In our climate zones, you can keep the Greenland Dog only in exceptional cases, i.e. when the dogs can be used daily according to their needs. This includes covering long distances, in winter in front of the sled and in summer in front of a special train wagon.
According to their nature, they should be held in groups of two or more.
The coat care is simple; regular brushing and/or combing, in particular during the changing season, is sufficient.
3Types of Husky Breeds: Samoyed
Characteristics of the Samoyed
|Country of Origin: Russia, Siberia|
|Height: male: 23´´, female: 21´´|
|Weight: 44 – 55 lbs|
|Fur: lush, dense, with mane and undercoat|
|Color: pure white or cream|
|Common Diseases: Hip Dysplasia|
|Life expectancy: 13 years|
|FCI Group 5: Top and primitive type dogs|
Origin and Breed History
The Samoyed is the archetype of a sled dog or the dog in general. The Samoyed, original Samoiedskaïa Sabaka, is one of the oldest dog breeds. Samoyed type dogs have accompanied the peoples of Siberia for thousands of years. Samoyeds are various indigenous peoples who have inhabited the whole of Siberia for thousands of years up to the Arctic Ocean. They mostly live as nomads and follow the wild or semi-wild reindeer herds.
Their dogs have different tasks:
- Pulling the sleds with the household goods or with the hunters to the hunt
- Pulling the boats over the snow to the open water
- Help herding reindeers
- Guarding and protecting people and herds
Even if today’s Samoyeds from European breeding have lost much of the originality of the real Siberian dog, it has remained an unspoiled dog breed. The exciting thing about the Samoyed is that he shows at the same time a close connection to humans. It is not without reason that the Samoyed is one of the founders of other breeds such as the Eurasier. The first standard for the Samoyed was established in 1909 and was approved in England in 1913.
Character and Temperament
The Samoyed has remained by his nature a typical dog of the north. He combines originality and familiarity in a special form. The Samoyed is not a “one-man-dog”. He is a warm and friendly member of the whole family. He has the qualities of a working dog and a family dog at the same time. This requires certain attitude conditions. The Samoyed still has the qualities that have made him an essential and versatile helper of man over thousands of years. Many Samoyeds have a trained hunting instinct. They are neither shy nor aggressive, but can defend their family effectively if necessary and would do so without hesitation.
Running is a special passion of the Samoyed, or more precisely: pulling sleds. If you are interested in a Samoyed, you should definitely visit the sled dog races in winter. It is deeply impressive and fascinating. You can feel the extreme tension of the dogs already long before in the camp of the Musher. When it is time to start, there is hardly any stopping. As in an explosion, the tension of these otherwise rather sedate dogs dissolves into the acceleration of the sled. The strength of the Samoyeds is not their speed, but their endurance. Here they can show incredible performances. This is also reflected in their nature. Hectic is unknown to the Samoyed. His strength lies in the calm and this has a wonderfully relaxing, cozy aura on us humans. The Samoyed touches our soul.
How to Keep a Samoyed
The breed can be educated and led well but is not a dog for beginners. He makes high demands on his keeping, which are derived from his determination as an unspoiled working and sled dog. So he needs a lot of activity, preferably in sledding. Unexploited and even left alone without a deep connection to his family, he can develop into an unpleasant barker, who even takes the apartment or the garden apart.
The Samoyed is not a dog for an apartment or the big city. It should be a house with a garden. Samoyeds like to sleep outside and roll up with their heads under their tails even when there is a lot of snow. The garden, where these dogs stay, should of course not be intended as an ornamental garden. The lush coat of Samoyeds requires regular care. Especially during the changing season in spring and summer, intensive coat care is indicated. While changing season the flat, car and clothes are full of his long hair, even if he is brushed daily.
Samoyed Dog Training
The Samojede lets very well be educated by experienced dog owners. You have to accept the challenge, you have to love this amazing dog, to wrestle mentally with these indigenous, self-confident dogs. Demonstrate your leadership with clear but lovingly dog training and your Samoyed will be happy to accept you. You have to get fully involved in the experience with these typical Nordic, rustic dogs. Through loving but consequent upbringing a Samoyed has to accept from the puppy age his position in the ranking order. There must be no doubt who determines the house rules.
4Types of Husky Breeds: Siberian Husky
Characteristics of the Siberian Husky
|Size: male 21´´ – 24´´, female 20 ´´ – 22´´|
|Weight: male: 45 – 62 lbs, female: 34 – 51 lbs|
|Fur: dense, double, furry|
|Color: all colors and patterns allowed|
|Common Diseases: rarely HD, cataract|
|Life expectancy: 11-13 years|
|FCI Group 5, Section 1: Nordic Sled Dogs|
Originally the Siberian Husky came from Siberia in Russia. The nomads have been using him for 2000 years as a working and sled dog. Their breeding goals were above all endurance and robust animals, which were independent. Since the nomadic tribes lived isolated, the breed remained pure. 1909 one of the animals won the 3rd place in a sled dog race in Alaska. Since then the Norwegian Leonard Seppala bred the Siberian Husky with his male dog Togo.
The Siberian Husky is a compact dog with a dense coat. His appearance reminds to the wolf. The paws are relatively small. The ice-blue eyes are conspicuous. They can also be multicolored or differently colored.
How to Keep a Siberian Husky
The Siberian Husky should be kept in a house with a garden and needs a lot of exercises. Dog sport is also recommended. Physically and mentally the dogs must be used to full capacity – besides they should not remain alone too long. Dog owners should have plenty of time. The Siberian Husky is also suitable for families.
Of course, the Husky is called by its country of origin: Siberia. There his ancestors served for centuries as daily companions for the nomadic peoples.
However, the endurance and strength of these dogs are particularly impressive – which is why they were already used in sled races at the beginning of the 20th century. In the beginning, the sled leaders were mocked because the husHuskies looked so much slimmer than the powerful Alaskan Malamutes. But because they could keep a very high speed over long distances, the critics fall silent and already in 1910, the Siberian Husky was bred.
Even today the Siberian Husky is still used as a sled dog. Especially for the Inuit, it has become an indispensable animal but also a family member. Because of the close contact to their families, the dogs developed a friendly, human being. Today the Husky is kept all over the world as popular family dogs.
How Much Exercise does a Husky Need?
The sports experts from Siberia naturally need a lot of exercises and physical activity. They are ideal for sled races of any kind but require appropriate training.
If you want to keep a Siberian Husky as a family dog, you have to make sure that the four-legged friend is physically and mentally busy. If these dogs are bored or if they are not sufficiently strained, they can show unconventional behavior, sometimes even resign and reject their humans.
As sports, in order to use the dogs optimally, are suitable for example Long-distance cross-country runs, agility or swimming and cycling.
Character & Temperament
The sleddogs are independent. They hear the orders of the dog leaders (Musher) and convert them. They are pack animals, which cannot live alone. Huskies do not bark, they howl. Since the Huskies feed themselves in their homeland, they have a strong hunting instinct. Their urge to move is very high. If they get not enough exercise, they become destructive and depressive.
With its friendly nature, the Husky is absolutely no guard dog. Education is not easy, because they are very stubborn. The education must begin therefore in the earliest puppy age and be clear and affectionate. Huskies belong only into the hands of experienced dog owners. They need to be kept busy for several hours a day.
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