What to know about Golden Retrievers: The Golden Retriever catches with great passion all kinds of objects, carries them around in his mouth and brings them back. That’s why his name also includes “to retrieve”, which stands for “retrieve”. Outside he’s very active, inside he’s more of a quiet fellow. He is a very loyal companion.
What to Know About Golden Retrievers – Character and Temperament
These puppies are animals with a very balanced temperament. These dogs are neither hectic nor nervous, but by no means lethargic or too calm. Golden Retriever puppies are cheerful and lively but are considered calm and very adaptable. Golden Retrievers like to play and keep their play instinct mostly until old age.
Thanks to his incredibly pronounced “will to please”, the Golden Retriever wants to please his pack leader (you) and is therefore usually easy to handle and adaptable. And by the way also the perfect beginner dog. However, they are also known for their endurance and strength.
These four-legged friends are very affectionate and feel most comfortable in the midst of their pack. These dogs are in no case suitable for the kennel and want to live in the house with their people.
If Golden Retrievers are kept in the kennel, this is a guaranteed trigger of behavioral disorders. These animals become lonely very fast.
The obedient dogs are also not afraid. With children and other animals, Golden Retrievers are patient and won’t be disturbed that fast. A prerequisite is of course that the dogs have been socialized well and early. Golden Retrievers are also always friendly towards strangers.
Golden Retrievers belong to that dog breed, which loves to jump on people with joy if this is not consistently prevented.
Golden Retriever puppies are also not aggressive, but they are not at all suitable as guard dogs. Dogs of this breed would probably also welcome burglars with a friendly wagging tail.
Golden Retrievers are very affectionate, want to participate in everything – no matter if you are preparing food, going to the toilet or to the sofa.
Sounds stupid, but as the owner, you’ll soon find out for yourself: Golden Retrievers have a really big appetite – and eat everything they can get. You have to make sure right from the beginning that your Golden doesn’t eat too much (and above all that he learns the command “Off!” quickly).
This would be a problem, especially in the growth phase, because your puppy grows too fast (and this has a negative effect on the bones). When you are feeding dry or wet food for your puppy and your adult Golden Retriever, pay attention to the quantity recommendations of the dog food* manufacturers. And don’t forget: The treats are part of the total food quantity!
Above all, Golden Retrievers need a lot of exercises
Golden Retrievers are medium-sized dogs – this alone means that these dogs need a lot of exercises. If you also consider that they were originally bred as hunting dogs, it becomes clear: Golden Retrievers want to be employed.
Your dog will love to run, swim or be challenged head-on. Even a lot of exercise will not exhaust your Golden entirely.
Important: Don’t run the same route all the time, it bores your dog quickly!
A Golden Retriever is not born for the couch and apartment – he needs activity. That works wonderfully with Agility or dog sport in general.
Puppy a Golden Retriever purchase: What to consider?
A Golden Retriever puppy is time-consuming, can rob you of sleep, causes costs and and and… Therefore you should answer the following questions honestly yourself:
- Do I have enough time for a dog?
Your Golden Retriever puppy needs a lot of attention in the first few months: He has to get used to you, his new “pack” and his new environment, get housebroken, learn commands, he wants to play and be combed.
In the beginning, you will most likely have to go outside every 2-3 hours (yes, even at night!) and if your Golden Retriever is a teenager or even a full-grown dog, he will want to be physically and mentally challenged – several hours a day. That means: For the next ten to twelve years you have to be able to cope with wind and weather, in summer and winter.
- Can I afford a dog financially?
A dog costs money – and by that, I don’t just mean the purchase price for the Golden Retriever puppy. Because you need initial equipment for the dog, in addition, there are the veterinarian costs for examinations and vaccinations as well as the ongoing costs for new toys, dog food, worm cures, excrement bags and so on. Plus there are the costs for the dog liability insurance and the dog tax.
- Would the dog have enough company? Would the dog be alone for a long time? A golden retriever, especially a golden retriever puppy up to the sixth month, needs and demands intensive contact with his people. If you are not at home all day, but working full time, another member of the family should be with your Golden. No dog should (and can or wants) be alone the whole day.
- Does the family agree to buy a Golden Retriever puppy?
Are there family members or friends who can take care of the dog during illness or holidays?
If you can answer all these questions with a “YES!”, then nothing can stop you from purchasing a Golden Retriever puppy.
How to Train a Golden Retriever Puppy
Due to the strong will to obedience Golden Retrievers are very easy to educate. But also in these dogs, the innate hunting instinct has to be channeled. The Golden Retriever was bred for retrieving, among other things also for the game. Educating a Golden Retrievers means also retrieving games and listening to commands like “COME” and “LEAVE IT”. Golden Retrievers learn very fast, unfortunately also undesirable actions. This means that absolute consistency is required in education.
Do not make exceptions in the education of your puppy, even if Golden Retriever puppies are cuddly and sweet. Dog owners should not allow the puppy to do things that are later forbidden.
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Golden Retrievers are very greedy, therefore the education with reward and treats is particularly simple with these four-legged friends. Golden Retrievers, like all other dog breeds, should never be brought up with a punishment. Especially during the potty training. Do not put his snout into his business! This is an absolute no-go and only leads to the puppy being disturbed.
Golden Retrievers can also be trained wonderfully as companion dogs and therapy dogs. Especially in facilities with physically and mentally impaired children dogs of this breed always do a great job.
What to Know About Golden Retrievers: History and Origins
The history of the Golden Retriever is very well documented: At the end of the 19th century, Lord Tweedmouth crossed a yellow retriever with a Tweed Water Spaniel in the Scottish Highlands, an old Irish dog breed that is unfortunately extinct today. Then further dog breeds like the Irish Setter and Bloodhound were crossed in. In 1913 the Golden Retriever was officially recognized as a breed of its own by the British Kennel Club.
… and where does the name come from?
The name “Golden” clearly refers to the coat color, although there are also cream-colored dogs. “Retriever” was already explained above in the breed description. The Labrador Retriever is called “Retriever” for the same reason.
What to Know About Golden Retrievers: Health and Care
The Golden Retriever has wavy or smooth, medium-long fur. It needs regular care and should be brushed at least 1-2 times a week. Especially if the dog is outdoors a lot. In spring and fall, the dog has particularly strong hair. All family members should be able to cope with this.
Breed typical diseases
Hip dysplasia (maldevelopment of the hip joint)
Elbow dysplasia (a developmental disorder of the elbow joint)
Notice: Not every dog necessarily suffers from these diseases.
Similar dog breeds
- Cocker Spaniel
- Irish setter
- Labrador retriever
The Life Expectancy of Golden Retrievers
The average life expectancy is between ten and twelve years, many of them up to 16 years old. But the normal age of life alone is quite high for a pedigree dog of this size and weight class.
Did you already know?
Golden Retrievers are almost white as puppies. The cream-colored to golden fur begins to appear from an age of approximately 2 years. However, the color of their ears shows a lasting color.
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